Advanced research in computational and ecological chemistry, identification of technological procedures for treatment, formation of water quality and quantity (ECOAQUA)

Strategic priority

III.Biotechnologies and environmental protection

Strategic direction

Ecological security: The impact of biotic and abiotic factors on the environment and society


The subprogram addresses innovative research in computational chemistry and ecology, as well as water purification technologies, with a particular focus on antioxidant ionic liquids, promising anti-pollutant compounds. The project explores the effects of antioxidant and biologically active substances on natural and wastewater processes, focusing on oxidation and fermentation, with a special focus on the Nistru River basin.

Synthesis and characterization of carbon composites from indigenous renewable sources and cross-linked polymers are key elements. Carbon composites with improved catalytic and adsorption properties will be identified and synthesized, their effectiveness in removing pollutants from natural waters and making them potable will be validated, as well as the development of innovative technologies for water treatment, contributing significantly to solving problems related to water quality and protecting the environment, with a positive impact on society and various industries.

The project investigates the quality and quantity of natural waters and the complex physico-chemical processes in technological waters, contributing to the sustainable management of aquatic resources in the Republic of Moldova. The subprogram focuses on the research of purification processes in biological stations, analyzing biogenic species according to chemical composition and other physicochemical parameters. Thermodynamic and physicochemical analysis of the complex chemical processes responsible for the reduction of toxic species in aquatic systems is essential. The models will identify areas of water scarcity, providing recommendations for sustainable management of water resources. The analysis of the transformations of nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon species in the wastewater treatment process will contribute to the development of advanced treatment technologies. It is also proposed to carry out a technical inventory and evaluate the operating conditions of the biological treatment plants in the central area of the Republic of Moldova, with an emphasis on the chemical composition of the wastewater and its impact on the aquatic environment.